About Eswatini

Eswatini (Swaziland) is a country of 1.1 million people and has about 60% of the people living below the poverty line. The country has been ruled as an absolute monarch since 1973 when King Sobhuza II repealed the 1968 Independence Constitution. Political parties are banned in the country, although these groups have been advocating for democracy since then. The pro-democracy Members of Parliament, notably; Mthandeni Dube, Bacede Mabuza and Mduduzi Simelane, joined calls for an elected Prime Minister and their calls intensified in late 2020. The rise of police brutality, a failed justice system that harbors perpetrators of Gender Based Violence, murderers and others being above the law has contributed to the rise in protests and dissatisfaction with the current state of affairs in Eswatini. Pro-democracy forces have come together to form a five point plan that summarizes the demands of emaSwati.


The Kingdom of Eswatini (Swaziland) has been rocked by protests which have been met with state force brutality since May 2021. Protests were sparked by a number of injustices, notably the death of a law student, Thabani Nkomonye, who was allegedly murdered by Eswatini Police. Petition deliveries were banned by Acting Prime Minister Themba Masuku in June, which led to increased protests. On June 26, the government cracked down on protestors and shut down the internet, security forces used live rounds on unarmed civilians leading to the death of more than 100 people and over 500 people injured. Pro-democracy Members of Parliament, Bacede Mabuza and Mthandeni Dube, have been jailed on charges of terrorism since July and Member of Parliament Mduduzi “Magawugawu” Simelane has been in exile since then. Protests have continued and the month of October has seen more crackdown from security forces of Eswatini. Protests have increased to as much as over 10 000 people attending marches (March to US embassy) and the internet was shut down again on the week of 20 October. The government has banned municipalities from allowing them to issue protest permits. More people have been killed, estimated to be about 30 or more, over 200 injured and over 800 people in prisons, including children. King Mswati III has responded to these events by labeling pro-democracy seekers as being on drugs and being a minority of the 1.1 million residents of Eswatini and that it is led by the young, yet Eswatini consists of 70% youth. In 2022, there has been increased crackdown on civilians, burning of properties of both democratic leaders and security forces. Multiple security officers have been shot, civilians continue to be shot merely for moving around the country, the army is deployed all over Eswatini. The Southern African Development Missions (SADC) Troika envoy has been sent to the country multiple times with no results of engagements being made public. The people of Eswatini are being killed for demanding a pro democratic dispensation and demanding a fair justice system. Swazis still await dialogue as agreed to by SADC Troika and Eswatini's government in November 2021. The King promised citizens on dialogue after the first quater of this year, yet as of November 2022, Swazis still await dialogue and the crackdown on innocent civilians intensifies.


  1. The unconditional release of all political prisoners, including MP Mthandeni Dube and Bacede Mabuza and the dismissal of charges for those out on bail.
  2. The return of all political exiles and the guarantee of their safety and protection upon return.
  3. The cessation of hostilities and police brutality so that people can exercise freedom of speech, assembly and association.
  4. A total unbanning of political parties and repeal of the 1973 proclamation.
  5. The convening of an all inclusive national dialogue, under the guidance of the regional and continental bodies that will culminate in a transitional authority.
  6. A new democratic Constitution drafted with the input of all stakeholders.
  7. A transitional authority to manage the affairs of the state as it prepares for a multi-party election.


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